Ms Parkinson said it is too early to explain how trend reversed.Antartica’s sea ice was previously protected by westerly winds which surround the continent.Ms Parkinson told CNN: “This means that Antarctic sea ice doesn't respond directly to global warming averaged over the whole planet, but rather to changes in these winds.“Climate change is affecting the winds, but so is the ozone hole and short-term cycles like El Nino.
The decrease in the ice not only affects the polar ecosystem but also penguins (Image: GETTY)
Natural Disasters have caused 600,000 Deaths Over the last 20 Years. Approx 600,000 deaths occurred worldwide due to natural disasters from 1990 onward, out of which 95% were from the poor/developing countries. For instance, a cyclone in Odisha, India, caused 10,000 deaths in October 1999 and a flash flood in Uttarakhand in 2013 caused the death of 5748 people. The recent flood in Kerala have already took the life of 400+ people and has left 1 Million people homeless. Also, according to a U.N. report, in the year 1995, 4.1 billion people became homeless and injured.
“The sea ice also responds to the level of ocean mixing, which is affected by meltwater from the Antarctic Ice Sheet.”
Worrying ice losses are rapidly spreading deep into the Antarctic’s interior, the latest satellite data analysis shows.The West Antarctic ice sheet was stable in 1992 but up to a quarter of its expanse is now thinning.
And more than 320ft (100m) of ice thickness has been lost in the worst-hit places.Antartica's sea ice had been steadily increasing while the Arctic (Image: GETTY)
The ice sheet’s annihilation would drive global sea levels approximately five metres, decimating coastal cities worldwide.
But Andrew Shepherd, director of the Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling at the University of Leeds told CNN: “Growth of Antarctic sea ice over the past few decades had been a relief, because it offsets some of the rapid losses in the Arctic.
“Now that sea ice is retreating in both hemispheres we should be concerned about our planet's temperature because it means less of the sun's heat is reflected back into space.”However Ms Parkinson added the increase in Antarctic sea ice did not balance the decrease in the Arctic.
Long-term trends from 1900 to 2005 have been observed in precipitation amount over many large regions. Significantly increased precipitation has been observed in eastern parts of North and South America, northern Europe and northern and central Asia. Drying has been observed in the Sahel, the Mediterranean, southern Africa and parts of southern Asia.