A study by the University of Bristol, UK, has found a way to cut down the number of deaths in major US cities.By sticking to climate change goals set by the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, the rise of sweltering temperatures can be kept at bay.The Paris Climate Goals aims to keep global temperatures below 2C degrees of pre-industrial levels.
At the same time, the climate agreement hopes to limit the effects of global warming to just 1.5C degrees.READ MORE: Soaring temperatures and EXTREMELY HOT weather to rise in frequency
HEAT WARNING: Scientists have urged to tackle carbon emissions in 2020 (Image: GETTY)Researchers at the University of Bristol have now called for more action ahead of the next round of talks in 2020.
Over the last 50 years, human activities – particularly the burning of fossil fuels – have released sufficient quantities of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to affect the global climate. The atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide has increased by more than 30% since pre-industrial times, trapping more heat in the lower atmosphere. The resulting changes in the global climate bring a range of risks to health, from deaths in extreme high temperatures to changing patterns of infectious diseases.
They presented their findings in a study published today (June 5) in the journal Science Advances.Lead author, Dr Eunice Lo from Bristol’s Cabot Institute, said: “If global temperature rise is reduced to 1.5C from where we are headed, the cities’ exposure to extreme heat would decrease and up to thousands of annual heat-related deaths could be avoided per city.“Strengthened climate actions are needed as they would substantially benefit public health in the United States.”
READ MORE: Sweltering weather forecast with more 'SEVERE consequences' of heat
Exposure to scorching temperatures often leads to severe dehydration, heat stroke, nausea, heat exhaustion and fainting.
Up to thousands of annual heat-related deaths could be avoided
The CDC in the US warns heat exhaustion and heat stroke are the deadliest heat-related condition to be aware of.
In the UK, the NHS similarly encourages people to keep hydrated and in the shade during prolonged periods of intense heat, such as heatwaves.
NASA and NOAA data show that global averages in 2016 were 1.78 degrees F (0.99 degrees C) warmer than the mid-20th century average. Seventeen of the 18 warmest years have occurred since 2000.
Heatwaves can affect anyone but are particularly dangerous to the most vulnerable, people over the age of 75 and young children and babies.READ MORE:Scorching weather forecast as we 'DESPERATELY' need to act on air pollution Nations which have signed the Paris Climate Agreement are required to submit their climate pledge every five years.Climate scientists at Bristol believe that lowering global warming in accordance with the lower Paris accord estimates could avoid anywhere between 110 and 2,720 deaths a year.Keeping up with the upper end of the Paris Climate Goal, on the other hand, would prevent between 70 to 1,980 deaths per city.
Study co-author Professor Dann Mitchell said: “We are no longer counting the impact of climate in change in terms of degrees of global warming, but rather in terms of number of lives lost.Heat warning: Scorching temperatures kill hundreds of people in bog cities each year (Image: GETTY)Heat warning: The next Paris Climate meeting will take place in 2020 (Image: GETTY)
“Our study brings together a wide range of physical and social complexities to show just how human lives could be impacted if we do not cut carbon emissions.
“Considering the US citizens that will be adversely affected by increasing global temperatures, we strongly encourage them to hold their politicians to account.”
The US pulled out of the Paris Agreement in 2017, following President Donald Trump’s fears the accords would “undermine” the US economy.
CO2 Emission from Burning Gasoline from Transports. Yes, our personal vehicles are the major cause of Global Warming. The cars and trucks are responsible for 33% emissions in the U.S. emitting carbon dioxide and other gallons of gas. And the strange thing is we cannot see any scope of improvement as a rise in the population at the alarming rate means growth in the use of fossil fuels for transportation and manufacturing.
The decision was widely deplored by the scientific community.There are, however, individual states like California and New York, which have committed to meeting the Paris goals.