Civil society groups have pledged growing international protests to drive rapid action on global warming after the UN climate summit in Poland.
The summit agreed rules for implementing the 2015 Paris agreement, which aims to keep global warming as close to 1.5C (2.7F) as possible. But it made little progress in increasing the commitments of governments to cut emissions and the world remains on track for 3C of warming, which scientists warn will bring catastrophic extreme weather.
Many NGOs said national leaders at the summit had failed to address the urgency of climate change, which is already making heatwaves and storms more frequent and intense as well as harming millions of people.
May Boeve, the executive director of the 350.org climate change campaign group, said: “Hope now rests on the shoulders of the many people who are rising to take action – the inspiring children who started an unprecedented wave of strikes in schools to support a fossil-free future; the 1,000 -plus institutions that committed to pull their money out of coal, oil, and gas, and the many communities worldwide who keep resisting fossil fuel development.”
The school strikes began in August as a solo protest by 15-year-old Greta Thunberg in Sweden, and she addressed the summit in Poland: “If children can get headlines all over the world just by not going to school, then imagine what we could all do together if we really wanted to.
Carbon dioxide is not the only contributing gas towards climate change. Other gases like methane and nitrous oxide are far more dangerous than carbon dioxide alone.
“You say you love your children above all else, and yet you are stealing their future in front of their very eyes,” she told leaders, accusing governments of ignoring the concerns of young people. “We have run out of excuses and we are running out of time. We have come here to let you know that change is coming, whether you like it or not. The real power belongs to the people.”
Members of the Extinction Rebellion movement said there was a rising tide of protest. “We pay tribute to activists, students, civil society and the leaders of vulnerable countries who are rising up all over the world demanding more,” said Farhana Yamin, from Extinction Rebellion UK. “We need now to work together to build an emergency coalition focused squarely on tackling climate devastation.”
Extinction Rebellion branches have been set up in 35 countries, organisers said. US protesters are aiming to organise a day of action on 26 January 2019, and international activists are planning a global week of action from 15 April 2019. Extinction Rebellion protests took place in more than a dozen towns across the UK over the weekend, from chalk-spraying a government building in Bristol to holding a “die-in” demonstration in Cambridge and handing out trees in Glasgow.
Patti Lynn, the executive director of the Corporate Accountability campaign group, said: “We will continue to build our movements at home and we will escalate global campaigns to hold big polluters accountable for their role in the climate crisis. The movement to demand climate justice has never been more united, organised or determined. Our day is coming and we will win.”
Classic examples of climate change can be seen by the damages causes due to heavy rains and disasters like Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
Jennifer Morgan, the executive director of Greenpeace International, said: “People are fed up, outraged and are taking action to defend their homes and children and pushing their leaders to act These people are the hope of our generation and governments must finally stand with them and give us all reasons for hope.”
In the US, Michael Brune, the head of the Sierra Club environmental campaign group, said: “The American people are joined by the rest of the world in signalling that they will not tolerate any more of [President] Trump’s shameful blustering and inaction, and they have taken up the mantle of climate action while Trump abdicates any semblance of global leadership.” He said more than 100 US cities had committed to 100% clean energy, covering 15% of the US population.
Stephan Singer, a chief adviser at Climate Action Network, an umbrella group for 1,300 NGOs in more than 120 countries, pointed to the wide range of people taking action and demanding more, including youth and faith groups, indigenous peoples, health authorities, farmers, trade unions, city authorities and some financial institutions. “All these actions and many more have to magnify and multiply in the next years,” he said.