COP24 climate summit – live: Campaigners take to the streets as leaders gather in Poland’s coal country

An old coal mine in Poland is the unlikely setting for the most important international climate change discussions in years.

COP24 comes after a succession of reports in which scientists have made it abundantly clear that current efforts to avoid global warming catastrophe are not sufficient.

Over the next two weeks leaders will try to establish a set of rules to follow as they implement the Paris climate agreement targets. They will also discuss ramping up ambitions, and who is going to pay for these changes.

Leaders are assembling at the International Congress Centre in Katowice, Poland, next door to the city’s Coal History Museum – an unfortunate reminder of the host nation’s continued reliance on this high-polluting fossil fuel.

In London, Berlin and Brussels campaigners marched ahead of the event to call for international solidarity in the fight against climate change, at a time when leaders from Donald Trump to Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro are doing the exact opposite.

Here you can follow the latest news from the event and reactions from around the word.

Rising Sea Level can flood a large part of US East Coast. The global warming effects on the oceans has led the water level to rise between 11 and 38 inches (28 to 98 centimetres) by 2100, which is more than enough to deluge many of the cities along the U.S. East Coast.

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A demonstrator holds a placard during a 'Claim the Climate' march in Brussels, Sunday, Dec 2 as COP24 begins in Poland (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)

On Saturday the first of many international climate marches took place in London and across Germany to mark the start of the UN climate negotiations in Poland.

Demonstrators in Brussels took to the streets in their thousands on Sunday as part of the “ Claim the Climate” march.

Protesters said richer nations needed to lead the way in transitioning the world to a greener future, and used COP24 as an opportunity to call for a change to domestic policies such as the UK’s focus on fracking, or coal mining in Germany.

Claire James from the Campaign against Climate Change, who helped organise the march, said:

It is vital that richer nations, such as the UK, lead the way, by doing what is actually the minimum required in this crisis - an urgent transition to a zero carbon economy.

We can do this, but we need to start now - for example to reverse the ban on new onshore wind in England, halt unpopular fracking, cancel the third runway at Heathrow and invest instead in sustainable transport to make ordinary people’s lives easier.

The sea level in Sydney will rise more than on the coast of Iceland? Global warming is causing the sea level to rise – even as a result of thermal expansion of the water. However, the extent of the rise varies in different ocean regions and at the coasts, as a result of the ocean currents, vertical land movements, and other factors. The sea level around Iceland will only rise about half as much as in Sydney!

Sian Berry, co-leader of the UK Green Party, said:

COP24 will be a crucial moment in the fight to stop climate breakdown.

With the UN warning we have just 12 years to limit climate catastrophe the decisions made by global governments in Poland next week have the potential to make or break our ability to face the future.

The UK must show political leadership by ditching climate wrecking policies like fracking and airport expansion, and committing to the bold and radical action we need to save the planet.

Welcome to The Independent’s coverage of the COP24 summit in Katowice, Poland.

At an event that has been hailed as “Paris 2.0”, we’ll be keeping track of the big announcements to emerge from the meeting as well as the reaction to it around the world.

It has been a big year for the climate change discussion, and experts hope these talks will prove fruitful and set us on a path to a cleaner future. This should include a set of rules for countries to follow in meeting the Paris goals, more money pledged to tackling climate change, and an indication that countries are going to aim for even deeper cuts in their greenhouse gas emissions.

With two weeks of diplomatic wrangling ahead, it remains to be seen how optimistic these goals are.